During the pregnancy
Alcohol is a teratogen, meaning that it is can cause malformations
in the embryo.
Because the placenta does not filter the alcohol found in the mother’s blood, it is also found in the blood of the foetus, but the baby’s liver and kidneys are not developed enough to eliminate it. Alcohol can be harmful to all organs and systems, especially the nervous system.
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can lead to
miscarriage, premature birth, growth retardation and other birth defects in children. Excessive consumption can also lead to FASD, the range of disabilities that result from foetal exposure to alcohol. FASD manifests mainly as cognitive and behavioral issues and cranial-facial abnormalities, conditions that are irreversible.
The effect of alcohol consumption on the foetus appears to be related to several factors
, including the amount of alcohol ingested, frequency of consumption, stage of fetal development and mother’s health and diet. Scientists agree that there is no consensus on a minimum dose of alcohol that is safe for the foetus, nor does there appear to be a safer period for drinking during pregnancy. Abstinence throughout pregnancy is the safest choice for both mother and child.
Grossesse et allaitement Ema Ferreira, Chap. 8 Consommation d’alcool
The Healthy Pregnancy Guide
(pregnancy and alcohol)