BPH, also known as an “enlarged prostate ”, is when the prostate increases in size. In some cases, the prostate can even constrict the urethra and make urine flow more difficult.
Age is the main risk factor for BPH, as the prostate naturally gets larger after the age of 40. Over 50% of men over the age of 60 and over 80% of men over the age of 80 will get BPH. Family history, ethnic origin (black men in particular are at risk) and obesity are factors that can also play a role.
As its name indicates, BPH is a benign problem, meaning that it isn't serious. It also doesn’t pose a risk for prostate cancer, even if the symptoms of the two diseases are very similar.
Since the prostate is located under the bladder, its enlargement affects urination . The symptoms of BPH aren't the same for all men. Here are a few that you may experience:
You may experience one of these symptoms alone or a few at the same time, and they can be very mild or very inconvenient. In some cases, BPH can lead to complications such as urinary tract infections or kidney failure.
If you have symptoms, you need to consult a doctor to get a specific diagnosis and the appropriate treatment.
Watch out! Some over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, especially cold and flu medications, can aggravate your symptoms. Take the time to ask your pharmacist for advice before buying OTC products.
Good lifestyle choices can also help reduce BPH symptoms:
Once you turn 50, you need to talk to your doctor about your individual risk of prostate cancer and the advantages and disadvantages of early detection.
Two tests can detect prostate cancer early:
You need to eat a healthy diet that is low in fat and rich in antioxidants. Vegetables and fruit are the main sources of antioxidants.
If you have questions about one of these prostate problems and available treatments, your pharmacist can help you. If you have any of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to consult your doctor.