Nausea and vomiting aren’t diseases but rather very common symptoms. Nausea may occur on its own or be accompanied by heaving (the effort to vomit), followed by vomiting itself. Vomiting is defined as the ejection of the contents of the stomach through the mouth. Other symptoms can include:
Many health conditions can cause nausea and vomiting:
Some causes, such as motion sickness, aren't a big worry and are easy to identify. Others are more serious, and these include head trauma or myocardial infarction.
Treatment for nausea and vomiting will vary depending on the cause of the nausea and vomiting and your health condition.
There are several effective medications to relieve nausea and vomiting. Some require a doctor’s prescription, while others are available over the counter. Your pharmacist can help you choose the right product for you.
Fresh ginger and ginger tablets can be good options for reducing nausea without causing drowsiness.
Some prescription medications can treat nausea and vomiting in pregnant women. Talk to your pharmacist or doctor . Bill 41 now allows pharmacists to prescribe Diclectin™, a drug that is effective at relieving nausea in early pregnancy. Specific criteria apply.
These solutions compensate for lost water and mineral salts caused by vomiting and prevent dehydration. They are recommended for everyone, particularly people most at risk of dehydration, e.g., seniors and young children.
They are sold in pharmacies as commercial preparations (e.g., Gastrolyte™, Pedialyte™). A homemade solution can also do in a pinch if you can't get out to by one at a store.
Mix all the ingredients together. Don’t change any ingredients or quantities. Store unused portions in the fridge and make a fresh solution each day.
For adults, the recommended amount is 30 ml to 90 ml (2 to 6 tablespoons) every 30 to 60 minutes up to a maximum of 2 to 3 litres in a 24-hour period. For children, the amount is determined by weight: 1 ml/kg every 5 minutes over a 4-hour period.
You will need to see a doctor in the following cases:
For more information, don’t hesitate to consult your pharmacist.